Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh, state (2001 provisional pop. 60,385,118), 119,010 sq mi (308,240 sq km), central India, between the Deccan and the Ganges plain. The capital is Bhopal. One of the largest states in India, Madhya Pradesh consists, from north to south, of upland zones separated by plains.

Madhya Pradesh (मध्य प्रदेश) is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal. Madhya Pradesh was originally the largest state in India. On November 1, 2000, the state of Chhattisgarh was carved out.

Geography

Madhya Pradesh means Central Province, and it is located in the geographic heart of India. The state straddles the Narmada River, which runs east and west between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges; these ranges and the Narmada are the traditional boundary between the north and south of India. The state is bordered on the west by Gujarat, on the northwest by Rajasthan, on the northeast by Uttar Pradesh, on the east by Chhattisgarh, and on the south by Maharashtra.

Madhya Pradesh state is made up of 48 districts, which are grouped into eight divisions: Bhopal, Chambal, Gwalior, Indore, Jabalpur, Rewa, Sagar, and Ujjain.

Districts: Anuppur, Ashoknagar, Balaghat, Barwani, Betul, Bhind, Bhopal, Burhanpur, Chhatarpur, Chhindwara, Damoh, Datia, Dewas, Dhar, Dindori, Guna, Gwalior, Harda, Hoshangabad, Indore, Jabalpur, Jhabua, Katni, Khandwa, Khargone, Mandla, Mandsaur, Morena, Narsinghpur, Neemuch, Panna, Raisen, Rajgarh, Ratlam, Rewa, Sagar, Satna, Sehore, Seoni, Shahdol, Shajapur, Sheopur, Shivpuri, Sidhi, Tikamgarh, Ujjain, Umaria, Vidisha.

 

Basic Health Information

 

         Demographic Profile of the State                                Madhya Pradesh

Area (Sq. km)

308245

Population (2001 census)                                                 Persons

60385118

Males

31456873

Females

28928245

% Decennial Growth Rate 1991-2001

24.34

% SC Population (2001)

15.2

% ST Population (2001)

20.3

% Urbanization (2001)

26.5

Density of Pop.

196

Sex Ratio (Females/1000 Males)

Sex Ratio (0-6 Yeras)

919

932

Literacy Rate (%)                                                            Persons

63.7

Males

76.1

Females

50.3

Life expectancy at birth (years) 1991

54.0

Household Size (2001 Census)

5.5

Singulate mean age at marriage (female) 1991

17.8

Human Development Index (HDI) 1998

34.8

No. of eligible couples (in lakhs)

106.11

Vital Indices

 

Birth Rate (2003)

30.2

 Death Rate (2003)

9.8

IMR (2003)

82

 MMR (1997)

498

 TFR (1999)

3.9

                                      Source : SRC Bulletin, April 2005

         Growth of Population

Sr. No.

Year

Population (in million)

1

2001

60.39*

2

2002

61.86

3

2003

63.32

4

2004

64.80

5

2005

66.27

6

2006

67.74

7

2007

69.21

8

2008

70.68

9

2009

72.15

10

2010

73.62

11

2011

75.09

          Birth Rate

Sr. No.

Year

India

Mahdya Pradesh

Rural

Urban

combined

1

1981

33.9

38.8

31.4

37.6

2

1982

33.8

39.9

32.4

38.5

3

1983

33.7

40.1

32.0

38.5

4

1984

33.9

38.1

32.2

36.9

5

1985

32.9

41.0

33.0

39.4

6

1986

32.6

39.0

30.1

37.2

7

1987

32.2

37.5

31.9

36.4

8

1988

31.5

38.4

31.2

37.0

9

1989

30.6

36.7

30.3

35.5

10

1990

30.2

38.9

29.3

37.1

11

1991

29.5

37.3

29.6

35.8

12

1992

29.2

36.8

26.5

34.9

13

1993

28.7

35.9

24.6

34.9

14

1994

28.7

35.2

24.4

33.0

15

1995

28.3

34.8

23.9

33.0

16

1996

27.4

34.2

22.9

32.4

17

1997

27.2

33.6

23.1

31.9

18

1998

26.5

32.1

23.1

30.7

19

1999

26.1

33.1

23.6

31.1

20

2000

25.8

33.4

23.5

31.4

21

2001

25.4

32.9

23.1

31.0

22

2002

25.0

32.2

22.7

30.3

23

2003

24.8

32.1

22.5

30.2

                                         Source : SRS Bulletin, April 2005

         Death Rate

Sr. No.

Year

India

Madhya Pradesh

Rural

Urban

combined

1

1981

12.5

18.0

9.3

16.6

2

1982

11.9

16.3

9.0

14.9

3

1983

11.9

15.9

8.7

14.5

4

1984

12.6

15.5

9.0

14.2

5

1985

11.8

15.3

9.4

14.2

6

1986

11.1

14.8

8.8

13.6

7

1987

10.9

14.6

8.0

13.3

8

1988

11.0

15.4

9.8

14.3

9

1989

10.3

13.9

8.6

12.9

10

1990

9.7

13.7

7.6

12.6

11

1991

9.8

14.9

9.2

13.8

12

1992

10.1

13.9

8.5

12.9

13

1993

9.3

13.9

7.8

12.6

14

1994

9.2

12.6

7.4

11.5

15

1995

9.0

11.8

7.7

11.2

16

1996

8.9

11.8

7.6

11.1

17

1997

8.9

11.7

7.7

11.0

18

1998

9.0

11.9

7.8

11.2

19

1999

9.4

11.1

7.6

10.4

20

2000

8.5

11.1

7.5

10.3

21

2001

8.4

11.1

7.2

10.1

22

2002

8.7

10.4

7.2

9.7

23

2003

8.0

10.4

7.1

9.8

                                                   Source : SRS Bulletin, April 2005

         Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)

Sr. No.

Year

India

Madhya Pradesh

Rural

Urban

Combined

1

1981

110

152

80

142

2

1982

105

145

79

134

3

1983

105

135

76

125

4

1984

104

130

76

121

5

1985

97

131

79

122

6

1986

96

124

82

118

7

1987

95

128

81

120

8

1988

94

128

83

121

9

1989

91

125

78

117

10

1990

80

120

61

111

11

1991

80

125

74

117

12

1992

79

109

74

104

13

1993

74

113

67

106

14

1994

74

105

57

98

15

1995

74

104

61

99

16

1996

72

102

61

97

17

1997

71

99

57

94

18

1998

72

104

56

98

19

1999

70

96

55

90

20

2000

68

93

54

87

21

2001

66

92

53

86

22

2002

64

90

56

85

23

2003

60

86

55

82

                                 Source : SRS Bulletin, April 2005

         Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR)

States

1998

India

407

Andhra Pradesh

159

Tamil Nadu

79

Madhya Pradesh

498

Uttar Pradesh

707

Bihar

452

Rajasthan

670

                                                                                               Source : SRS data

         Total Fertility Rate (TFR)

 States

1994

1997

1999

India

3.5

3.3

3.2

Madhya Pradesh

4.2

4.0

3.9

Utter Pradesh

5.1

4.8

4.6

Bihar

4.6

4.4

4.3

Rajasthan

4.5

4.2

4.1

                                                                       Source : SRS data

         Reproductive Preference

CHOICE

FERTILITY PREFERENCE (%)

NFHS-1

NFHS-2

Within 2 years

12.2

16.0

After 2 Years

25.3

16.7

Undecided when

2.8

1.9

Want no more

19.6

24.9

Sterilized

31.5

37.9

Others

4.4

2.1

Up to God

4.2

0.5

                                      NFHS-1  (1992)  & NFHS-2  (1998)

         Health Institutions 

 

Sr. No. District No. of Blocks District Hosp. Civil Hosp. CHC PHC SHC
1 Betul 10 1 0 9 31 271
2 Barwani 7 1 1 5 31 240
3 Balaghat 10 1 1 8 33 286
4 Bhind 6 1 0 7 19 183
5 Bhopal 2 1 2 2 10 63
6 Chhatarpur 8 1 0 7 38 189
7 Chhindwara 11 1 2 13 66 317
8 Damoh 7 1 0 6 10 162
9 Datia 3 1 2 1 11 87
10 Dewas 6 1 2 4 23 192
11 Dhar 13 1 0 12 48 400
12 Dindori 7 1 0 6 22 159
13 Guna 5 1 0 5 12 119
14 Gwalior 4 0 5 2 15 101
15 Harda 3 1 0 2 7 61
16 Hoshangabad 7 1 2 6 15 143
17 Indore 4 1 4 3 26 111
18 Jabalpur 7 1 3 5 16 193
19 Jhabua 12 1 1 10 32 346
20 Katni 6 1 0 5 19 162
21 Khandwa 7 1 0 6 30 131
22 Khargone 9 1 2 8 51 297
23 Mandla 9 1 0 8 30 239
24 Mandsour 5 1 2 2 44 153
25 Morena 7 1 1 6 17 196
26 Narsinghpur 6 1 1 5 20 144
27 Neemuch 3 1 2 1 18 105
28 Panna 5 1 0 5 14 140
29 Raisen 7 1 0 6 22 175
30 Rajgarh 6 1 2 4 31 166
31 Ratlam 6 1 3 4 25 166
32 Rewa 9 0 0 9 30 268
33 Sagar 11 1 1 10 28 245
34 Satna 8 1 1 7 44 258
35 Sehore 5 1 1 5 17 152
36 Seoni 8 1 0 8 29 284
37 Shahdol 5 1 0 6 30 175
38 Shajapur 8 1 5 6 20 173
39 Sheopur 3 1 0 2 8 89
40 Shivpuri 8 1 0 7 12 199
41 Sidhi 8 1 0 9 41 302
42 Tikamgarh 6 1 0 5 18 156
43 Ujjain 6 1 5 2 21 170
44 Umaria 3 1 0 2 9 108
45 Vidisha 7 1 2 4 20 144
46 Ashok Nagar 4 1 0 3 10 97
47 Anuppur 4 1 0 4 17 178
48 Burhanpur 2 1 0 4 13 140
Madhya Pradesh 313 46 53 266 1153 8835

 

        Health Infrastructure

Name of Institution

Sanctioned No.

Govt. Building

Other Building  

1. District Hospital

46

36

-

2. Civil Hospital

53

57

-

3. Community Health Centre

266

78

151

4. Primary Health Centre

1153

536

658

5. Sub Health Centre

8835

3079

5756

Source: Above All info taken from  http://www.mp.nic.in

 

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