• FPA India, Nariman Point, Mumbai
  • (91) - 22 - 4086 3101
  • fpai@fpaindia.org
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  • (91) - 22 - 4086 3101
  • fpai@fpaindia.org
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GENDER AND RIGHTS

OUR INITIATIVE

FPA India has taken initiatives to empower people including vulnerable groups to transform gender norms and power dynamics to promote gender equality, reduce gender based violence and improve economic status of women and other vulnerable groups including young people.




WORKING FOR GENDER EQUALITY

FPA India also advocates for transforming gender norms and power dynamics to promote gender equality and address gender based violence. We work for capacity building on issues related to SRH, skilling, gender and Gender Based Violence (GBV). We also conduct educational sessions on gender inequalities, GBV, and discrimination.

We address the inextricable issues related to Gender and Rights through various approaches such as community participation, networking with NGOs, and advocating with the Panchayati Raj members and other influential groups, communities are supported to access SRH information and services. Efforts are made to reduce stigma and discrimination towards People Living with HIV (PHLIV) and key population groups, particularly with transgender people, Men having Sex with Men, and sex workers.

In the year 2016, our branches conducted 356 courses on different types of income generation skill such as tailoring, computer, painting, handicraft, beauty culture, soft toy making, music, dance and karate for 6813 persons. Under Welspun CSR initiative, FPA India headquarters implemented a one-year project to build the capacity of Self Help Groups in Health Promotion in Pardi district of Gujarat.Branches also identified 116 NGOs who are working on GBV, conduct meeting with them, and develop partnerships.

FPA India has been addressing these issues with key population groups and people living with HIV, creating space for them to bring their partners for consultation as well. We have been in the forefront in integrating HIV related services all other SRH services. All HIV related work has been carried out through niche and focused projects as well as through regular branch activities.

We also partner with various NGOs for referral services, linkages with skill development issues, mutually co-coordinating & conducting programmes at community level, forming adolescents’ girl’s groups in the community, IEC programs, ‘Child Counselling with FPA India clinic’ including specially screening facilities related to violence, etc.

A Glimpse into Our Projects

Shadows and Light’ Project

It was a three-year project funded by BACKUP Health, aimed to address the linked SRH and HIV needs of key populations within four IPPF member associations. The project involved FPA India and transgender people, Reproductive Health Uganda and sex workers, Family Health Options Kenya and people who inject drugs, and the Cameroon National Association for Family Welfare and MSM.

The project recognised that a comprehensive response to HIV must include initiatives that meet the needs of those who are marginalised, vulnerable, socially excluded and under-served.

Consultations with transgender women at the beginning of the project informed project design and priorities and ensured that training and services were appropriate to their needs. Transgender women were also recruited as outreach workers and counsellors. Effective community mobilisation for transgender people has built their capacity to take ownership of the programme.

Through community consultations, transgender women identified the services they most wanted, such as hormone therapy, sex reassignment surgery, breast augmentation and laser therapy for facial hair removal. FPA Indiandia used the opportunity to provide access to hormone therapy as an entry point to HIV and SRH services. Ensuring high quality counselling is important in terms of the support for transgender people in their decision whether to begin a gender reassignment process.

Chennai Metro Rail Limited

Addressing the HIV needs of informal migrant workers of Chennai Metro Rail Limited(CMRL) project was implemented by FPA India, supported by Japan Trust Fund (JTF) and International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) from April, 2012 to March 2014 at Chennai..

The project focused on strengthening the weak area of HIV/AIDS programme of India, 'the single male migrants'. It also concentrated on providing sustained BCC activities through a 'peer approach' with a focus on reduction of sexual and non-sexual risk behavior to construction workers of CMRL by increasing access to HIV and SRH information among them. Increasing utilisation of HIV and SRH services by migrant construction workers and to create an enabling environment for them was also the need of the hour.

Working with Young People

India’s median age,according to the Census2011, is 24 years. Halfof India’s population isbelow 25 years; around32 percent are in the10-24 age group.India’s young populationis growing at anaccelerating rate. Thisgroup is more literatethan the earlier generationand is aspirational,and has more accessto information.

FPA India works with young people through its 41 Branches/Projects. The programme is designed to cater to young people between the ages of 10-24 years, both in the formal settings of schools/colleges and those who are out-of-school, especially the vulnerable and marginalised living in rural/remote areas and slums, young people with a low socio-economic status, unmarried young people, newly married young people, young people living with HIV and very young people (10-14 years).

FPA India, has since three decades been reaching out to young people with vital information and health services and has also been advocating for young people to benefit from regular classes on sexuality education as a part of the school curriculum. Probably, the demand of civil society organisations such as FPA India who advocate the importance of sexuality education is likely to be fulfilled soon. The draft of the National Education Policy 2016 made public on June on www.mygov.in website clearly mentions the significance of "sex education in schools for adolescent for safety measures”.

Our strategic pathways for youth involvement in SRHR are:

  • Youth participation at all levels
  • Youth forums involving young people from the operational area
  • Youth in active policy decision role
  • Outreach to youth in educational institutions and at community level
  • Increasing access to Comprehensive Sexuality Education (AEP+)
  • Partnership with NGOs and CBOs

A Glimpse into Our Projects

Adolescent Education Programme plus (AEP+)

This program aims at increasing access to Comprehensive Sexuality Education (AEP+) a total of 90,356 young people were provided with FPA India’s AEP+ package. Branches identified and trained resource persons and specific sessions were allocated to them who then provided life skills oriented SRHR information to students in schools and colleges. Separate sessions were held with girls and boys. Youth groups/youth clubs were formed in the community involving out of school young people. Selected young people from these clubs were trained as Peer Educators who worked for the Association in reaching out with SRH information in the community. Branches also developed partnerships with various NGOs, CBOs and shelter homes for street children and orphanages to ensure that information and services reach these vulnerable groups.Using the life skills approach, AEP+ helped young people to deal with real life situations and have a healthy life. AEP+ focused on the process of growing up, understanding adolescence, positive and responsible relationships and issues related to gender discrimination, HIV and AIDS, substance abuse and contraception.

To create an enabling environment for the implementation of AEP+ meetings are organised with principals and sensitisation sessions were held with teachers and parents by the Branches. The sensitisation meetings help out the teachers and parents to upgrade the knowledge, attitude, values, to discuss about their Sexual Reproductive Health and access SRH services. School donation drive programme was undertaken successfully which helped to establish good network with education department and their cooperation.

Growing up is Fun’ Module

FPA India also developed the ‘GrowingUp is Fun’ curriculum specially to helpBranches conduct sessions for the veryyoung adolescents in the 10-14 year agegroup. To enable standardisation ofcontent, power point slides were alsodeveloped.

Stigma: The unseen Barrier to young people’s access to SRH services

Murhu block in Khunti District of Jharkhand state is the location where the ‘Abortion Stigma Project’ was implemented with support from the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. Addressing stigma at the individual, community and institutional levels, comprehensive sexuality education was provided to young people aged 10-24 years for empowering them to make informed decisions. Through this 20-month intervention, a total of 1,184 young people were covered who received at least one session of AEP+ both in (704) and out of (480) school settings. Due to intensive engagement with the education department by the branch, the District Education Officer agreed and issued letters to the government schools to permit the FPA India project team to initiate sessions.

Over 500 educational sessions were arranged in small groups as well as one-to-one sessions for married young couples, unmarried young people, mother-in-law and men. The sessions reached a total of 5786 people with average group of 10-12 people. The educational sessions helped to change the perception of the different stakeholders towards SRH and stigma around abortion issue and over the period of time there has been shift in their way of thinking and they are accepting young people accessing SRH and abortion service which earlier was seen as social taboo.

FPA India works with young people through its 41 Branches/Projects. The programme is designed to cater to young people between the ages of 10-24 years, both in the formal settings of schools/colleges and those who are out-of-school, especially the vulnerable and marginalised living in rural/remote areas and slums, young people with a low socio-economic status, unmarried young people, newly married young people, young people living with HIV and very young people (10-14 years).

FPA India, has since three decades been reaching out to young people with vital information and health services and has also been advocating for young people to benefit from regular classes on sexuality education as a part of the school curriculum. Probably, the demand of civil society organisations such as FPA India who advocate the importance of sexuality education is likely to be fulfilled soon. The draft of the National Education Policy 2016 made public on June on www.mygov.in website clearly mentions the significance of "sex education in schools for adolescent for safety measures”.

Our strategic pathways for youth involvement in SRHR are:

  • Youth participation at all levels
  • Youth forums involving young people from the operational area
  • Youth in active policy decision role
  • Outreach to youth in educational institutions and at community level
  • Increasing access to Comprehensive Sexuality Education (AEP+)
  • Partnership with NGOs and CBOs